Thursday, December 18, 2014

FROM THE HISTORY OF JEWELRY


First term Parure (pah-rur - dress, decoration) sounded in the 17th century in France, later it spread to the whole of Europe. There are differences of opinion, that the original meaning of this term. There is a version that Parure originally called only diadem with teeth, the number of which could determine the title of its owner. But there is also a version that Parure called and set items of clothing and jewelry set, which can be combined into a set of quality, variety of stones or the unity of artistic solutions products, and later the term was fixed only for the jewelry business.
 
Parure of gold and blue glass. France, around 1800.
Malachite Parure Swedish Queen Desiree ,  in 1820 , established in Paris jewelry workshop Simon Petiteau.
First her mistress Desiree Clary, the wife of the first king of Sweden and Norway of the genus Bernadotte.
This Parure consists of tiaras, necklaces, large brooches, a pair of earrings (one of them did not spare the time, lost most of suspension) and a pair of bracelets.
Full Parure (jewelry set) may include a huge number of items - a tiara, tiara, comb, gangs (precious hair ribbon), necklace, necklace, earrings, brooches, jewelry corsage dresses, bracelets, pins, cuff links, buttons, rings .

Parure of Queen Maria Pavlovna with diamonds and topaz Brazilian rosewood.
This Parure made ​​by order of the Russian Tsar Paul I in honor of the marriage of his daughter Maria Pavlovna and Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach in 1804.
Danish Crown Princess Ruby Parure to Mary of Denmark .
Parure of 67 emeralds and diamonds in 2650, in 1840, a collection of Danish Crown.
Aquamarine Parure Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna.
Parure Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna.  Parure consists of twelve subjects - necklace, ribbon on his head, two bow necklace, a pair of bracelets on the wrist and a pair of forearm, earrings, belt zastёzhkoy- "paftalyami." In this unusual set next to gold and diamonds - the so-called paper medallions, which itself produced the future Empress Maria Feodorovna. 
Parure this can be seen in the Hermitage Gallery jewelry.
Ruby Parure Wittelsbach, 1830.  It consists of a tiara, two bracelets, necklaces and ornaments bodice studded with rubies, diamonds and spinel.


Violet Parure of Queen Mary, grandmother of Elizabeth II.

Parure with sapphires and pearls Maria Amalia of the French.

Violet Parure French crown.

Parure with pink topaz and diamonds House of Savoy.

Parure peridot and chrysolite Habsburg Austria, the first half of the 19th century.
Full Parure etiquette is for special occasions. For povsednevnogogo wearing exist poluparyury Parure or small, typically include two or three subjects, such as necklace, brooch and bracelet.
Poluparyura with pearls, diamonds and rubies, in 1840, a collection of Danish Crown.
Diamond poluparyura from the collection of the Danish crown.
Earrings and necklace emerald Parure Marie Louise, wife of Napoleon Bonaparte, 1810
Then, as we know, in the world there was a great Coco and turned all the traditions. Jewelry has become fashionable to wear and costume jewelery Parure did not pass design houses.
Vintage gilded poluparyura from Trifari, 1930.
Poluparyura brand  Florenza, 1960, rhinestones and gilding.
Sorry, but this term is now almost never used, and in fact it is much more tempting word "kit". And maybe we should go back to the term a new life?

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